Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site where page links may lead to other sites



European Utility Week powere generators, Milan, Italy, October 27 2020


ENLIT EUROPE - Was Scheduled to be held in Milan, Italy between the 27 and 29th of October 2020.





Duke Energy Corporation, DUK, N. Carolina, USA

Dominion Energy Inc., Richmond, Virginia

EDF Électricité de France SA




Exelon Corporation EXC, Chicago, USA

GE General Electric


KEPCO Korean Electric Power Corporation

National Electric Grid & Central Electricity Authority (India)

National Energy Board (Canada)

National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)

Next Era Energy Inc. Florida, USA
Scottish & Southern Energy

Southern Company, Atlanta, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, USA

State Grid Corporation of China

TEPCO Tokyo Electric Power Company








The developers of the SmartNet EV system propose working with generating utilities to encourage responsible operational increases based on a forecast of uptake - to help expand their clean (renewable) energy sector more quickly in the interests of reducing global warming and providing affordable grid transmitted electricity and lower cost electric mobility all over the world.


By eliminating fossil fuel generating stations, for example, coal fired, the United Nations' Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs) might be achieved the aim being for a transition to 100%  electricity as soon as possible.


Those companies collaborating on such proposal(s) are sure to increase operational efficiency and profits for their investors, especially in capitalizing on load-leveling stations to make best use of intermittent solar and wind generation.


According to Investopedia, 3% to 4% is the average dividend yield offered by top companies in the utility sector, which has been traditionally known to offer a high dividend payout.




The general public can only make use of vehicles that are sold by car companies, and service facilities that exist to provide fuels and other garage services. Our objective is to be able to demonstrate that the technology exists to allow the general public to swap their petrol and diesel steeds for clean electrics, without sacrificing convenience.


Auto makers then owe a duty of care to their fellow man and planet earth, to produce vehicles that do not produce harmful emissions and provide such convenience. In our view, petrol and diesel vehicles should have carried Government health warnings since the World Health Organization declared particulates harmful from 2013. The shameful lack of action on the part of the G20 has caused unnecessary human suffering and deaths.


The solution demands confidence in the vehicles that are being sold. Such confidence may only be provided by EV service stations to equal the convenience of liquid fossil fuel stations. This level of convenience is the basis of our Business Plan. It is sadly lacking in 2020 due to funding shortfalls for innovation, where current calls are based on straight line development, with no allowances for lateral thinking.






In 2008 the UK's Committee On Climate Change called for a focus on reducing emissions from the power sector as one of the top priorities in decarbonising the economy. This has been a major success area, with emissions now down 68% on 1990 levels.


Fundamental reform of the electricity market has taken place since the Climate Change Act 2008 was passed, in line with the CCC’s recommendations. This includes the introduction of long-term contracts for the generation of low-carbon electricity and a shift to competitive approaches when allocating contracts, these have supported dramatic reductions in the cost of renewable power (for example, costs of contracted new-build offshore wind power has fallen by over 50% from 2015 to 2017.


The proportion of electricity generated from renewables has also increased from 12% in 2012 to 30% in 2017. Long-term contracts have allowed construction to begin on the first new nuclear power plant in a generation.


The introduction of a UK ‘carbon price floor’ has put a minimum price on emissions from the power sector. This has helped to drive the transition away from coal to lower-carbon sources of energy – in May 2019 the UK was powered for a two week period without burning coal.


No new coal-fired power stations have been built since the Climate Change Act was passed, in line with the CCC’s recommendation that new coal plants should only be built if they include technology to capture carbon dioxide emissions, known as Carbon Capture and Storage.


The Government has supported the conversion of existing coal plants to use biomass (burning wood, plants, food waste and other biological matter), instead of investments in new dedicated biomass plants, in line with CCC advice in 2011. The Government has also tightened the sustainability limits for use of biomass in line with the Committee’s advice to 200gCO2/kWh in 2020, moving towards 180gCO2/kWh in 2025, ensuring that bioenergy will become an increasingly clean source of fuel.


Funding of the ‘Levy Control Framework’, which sets a cap on Government subsidies to support renewable energy generation, was set in line with the CCC’s advice at £7.9 bn in 2020/21. Funding for offshore wind and other emerging technologies has been extended to the mid-2020s helping to support investors in developing projects and cutting costs.


The Committee identified offshore wind as a strategic priority for the UK in its 2011 Renewable Energy Review with potential for significant cost reduction and to provide a major contribution to the UK’s low-carbon future. Offshore wind is on track to provide over 10% of UK generation by 2020 with the UK having the largest installed capacity in a growing global market. Offshore wind costs for contracted new-build projects have plummeted close to the costs of new gas-fired generation.



WORLD GENERATION – 25,082 TWh (2016)

Rank Country Percentage of Total
1 China 25%
2 United States 17%
3 India 6%
4 Russia 4%
5 Japan 4%
6 Canada 3%
7 Germany 3%
8 Brazil 2%




The sector exhibits a high degree of geographic segmentation, due to companies enjoying virtual monopoly status in their markets. Utility companies incur significant upfront costs to start supplying utility services by purchasing power and water equipment and installing a distribution network.

Because of high fixed costs and relatively stable and low subsequent marginal costs to produce additional product units, utility companies become natural monopolists in specific geographic areas. Installing a duplicate distribution network with the building of power and water plants by other companies results in higher costs for the community compared to a single natural monopolist.

Because of this monopoly status, governments around the world heavily regulate utility companies and determine prices that utilities are allowed to charge customers. Because services are highly regulated, growth in the sector is dependent on the local government allowing the companies to raise prices.

As a result, these companies typically do not engage in major expansions and rarely have exponential growth opportunities. Because of their focus on stable revenues rather than on growth, the management teams do not generally feel the need to retain large sums to be reinvested into the business. Therefore, these companies are free to distribute greater percentages of their earnings in the form of dividends to shareholders.


The utilities sector's primary appeal to investors is its resistance to economic ups and downs. While it does not offer aggressive gains during bull markets, it tends to hold its value much better than the broader market during downturns and recessions. Of course, as within any market sector, some companies consistently outperform others.

The general stability of their revenues, along with their consistently strong dividends, makes utilities of particular interest to income investors, especially in a lower interest rate environment. It is also well-suited for conservative, buy-and-hold investors who, rather than trying to get rich quick, wish to accumulate wealth slowly over the long-term while eschewing significant risk.

However, the sector's lack of volatility compared to the broader stock market does not preclude it completely from being subjected to the market's ups and downs. As such, an investor who forecasts market trends correctly can profit from a fall in utilities by employing speculation methods such as short selling and various futures and options strategies, such as put options (selling a stock in the future but at a price agreed upon today).


Networked flat pack service stations may be made available to any utility, supermarket or energy trading (brokers) company, but also entrepreneurs who might operate as independent franchises.



UK Electricity supply number


General enquiries


UK Power Networks 

0845 601 4516


Western Power Distribution

0845 724 0240


UK Power Networks

0845 601 4516


SP Energy Networks

0330 101 0444


Western Power Distribution

0845 724 0240


Northern Powergrid

0845 070 7172


Electricity North West

0800 048 1820


Scottish Hydro Electric Power Distribution

0800 048 3515


SP Energy Networks

0330 101 0444


UK Power Networks

0845 601 4516


Southern Electric Power Distribution

0800 048 3516


Western Power Distribution

0845 601 3341


Western Power Distribution

0845 601 3341


Northern Powergrid

0845 602 4454


Independent Power Networks Ltd

0845 055 6199


ESP Electricity Limited

01372 227560


Energetics Electricity Ltd

01698 404640


The Electricity Network Company Ltd

01359 243292


UK Power Networks (IDNO)

0845 601 4516











Please use our A-Z INDEX to navigate this site


 This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright © Climate Change Trust 2021. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom.